- Over 2 million inmates are held in state or federal prison and local jails.
- Over 7 million are under some form of correctional control (in prison or jail or on probation or parole). This equals 1 in every 32 US adult residents.
- 93.2% of state and federal prisoners are male; 6.8% are female.
- The incarceration rate for white males is 487 per 100,000 residents.
- The incarceration rate for Hispanic males is 1,193 per 100,000 residents.
- The incarceration rate for black males is 3,119 per 100,000 residents.
- Black males ages 30 to 34 have the highest custody incarceration rate of any race, age, or gender group.
- US Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics: www.bjs.gov
- US Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs: www.reentry.gov
- National Reentry Resource Center: www.nationalreentryresourcecenter.org
- American Correctional Association: www.aca.org
- American Correctional Education Association: www.ceanational.org
- American Probation and Parole Associations: www.appa-net.org/eweb
- Sentencing Project: www.sentencingproject.org
- National Organization of Victim Advocacy: www.trynova.org
- Pew Center on the States: www.pewcenteronthestates.org. See Corrections and Public Safety and Prison Count 2010.
- Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. See www.statehealthfacts.org.
- The Urban Institute: www.urban.org. See Crime and Justice. State of Florida:
State of Florida:
- Florida Department of Corrections: www.dc.state.fl.us
- Florida State University College of Criminology and Criminal Justice: www.criminology.fsu.edu
- Florida State University College of Criminology and Criminal Justice Center for Public Policy and Criminology: www.criminologycenter.fsu.edu
- The Collins Center: www.collinscenter.org. See Smart Justice Coalition and Justice Summit 2009.
- Education programs decrease recidivism.
- Substance abuse programs decrease recidivism.
- Felony offenders who completed a substance abuse program were 56 percent less likely to be re-arrested (recidivate) than offenders who did not receive treatment.
- Inmates who had a high school diploma or GED at release were 7.9 percent less likely to recidivate than inmates overall.
- Inmates with a Vocational Certificate at release were 14 percent less likely to recidivate than inmates overall.
From the Florida Department of Corrections:
Agency Annual Report 2009-2010. Available online at: http://www.dc.state.fl.us/pub/annual/0910/stats/toc.html
From the US Bureau of Justice Statistics:
West, Heather C. Prison Inmates at Midyear 2009 - Statistical Tables. Available online at: http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=2200.
Hughes and Wilson. Reentry Trends in the United States. Available online at: http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=1138
Corrections Statistics. Available online at: http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=1